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After the belief in Allâh and His Messenger, the prayer is the best deed. Allâh made five prayers obligatory upon every pubescent, sane Muslim within the night and day. One has to be keen to perform them. Also, one must learn how the time of each prayer begins and how it ends. It is a duty to check the times of prayers by observation and it is not enough to rely on a schedule based on the simple calculation.
There are five prayers which must be performed by the Muslims and are called obligatory prayers. They are Dhuhr (Noon) prayer, `Asr (afternoon) prayer, Maghrib (sunset) prayer, `Ishaa’ (Nightfall) prayer and Fajr (Dawn) prayer. It is a great sin to neglect performing any of these obligatory prayers. Among the merits of performing the obligatory prayers is that one’s small sins, which may be committed between prayers, are forgiven.
It is invalid to divide the inheritance of a deceased person or to sell the inheritance until the debts and the zakât which was obligatory on him have been fulfilled. Something may be sold to pay off a debt or fulfill the will. The expenses of performing Hajj and `Umrah on behalf of the deceased must be taken out if the Hajj and `Umrah were obligatory on him and he did not perform them. The inheritance is like a collateral held for that purpose.
Knowledge is the gateway to success, as known by many. However, some people understand this statement differently. The Islamic definition and concept of knowledge, and how it is a gateway to success in this world and in the Hereafter, is an ambiguous matter to many people. Allâh said in Surat Az-Zumar, Ayah 9 which means: « Those who know are not the same as those who do not know. »
Islam constitutes rights for woman as it does for men. This fairness is clearly stated in the Holy Qur’an. Allâh said in Surat Al-Baqarah Ayah 228 This glorious Ayah indicates that men are bound to rights and duties, which they have to give to woman, as woman are bound to rights and duties, which they have to give to men, as ordered by Allâh the Exalted.
Learning religion is obligatory for every Muslim. The science of religion is a gateway to success in this world and in the Hereafter, leading you to eternal happiness that has no end. The knowledge of Tawhid implies to know Allah and his messenger, and this is the best of all knowledge of Islam.
"True Sufis" are people who realize the importance of the Obligatory Knowledge of the Religion and endeavor to acquire it through proper channels, i.e., through trustworthy and knowledgeable teachers. "Sufi-claimers" are not interested in acquiring the knowledge of the Religion. They are ready to misinterpret the verses of the Qur’an and the hadiths of the Prophet to suit their own desires and to justify their bad inclinations and the enormous sins they commit.
The Muslim must have the proper purification (Taharah) before performing the prayers. This comprises the removal of filthy substances (najas) and performing wudu’ (ablution) or ghusl (full shower).
Linguistically, Islam means submission. According to Islamic terminology, Islam means a specified submission. It is the submission to what the prophet brought. This takes place by uttering the THE TWO TESTIFICATIONS OF FAITH. Belief, on the other hand, linguistically means certitude. According to Islamic terminology, it means a specified certitude. It is to accept as true what the prophet brought. The least of Belief is to belief in the THE TWO TESTIFICATIONS OF FAITH. Islam and Belief cannot be disassociated. One of them is not accepted without the other, although their original meaning are not identical. Imam Abu Hanifah said in Al-Fiqh Al-'Akbar: "Islam is not acceptable without Belief and Belief is not accepted without Islam. They are like the front of something and its back." Islam is the Religion of all the prophets.
Allâh the exalted said in the Holy Qur'ân in Surat-TaHrim: يا أيها الذين ءامنوا قوا أنفسَكم وأهليكُم نارا وقودُها الناسُ والحجارة This ayah means: « O you who believed protect yourselves and your families from Hellfire, which is fuelled by people and stones. » Prophet MuHammad peace be upon Him said what means: « Every one of you is a guardian over his dependents and is responsible for the action of these persons who are dependent on him. »
The prophet MuHammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina under the command of Allâh, and it is not by fleeing, fear, or cowardice. The blessed Migration displayed an honorable strife for human excellence and contained several lessons of patience, forbearance, knowledge and wisdom ; an enrichment for future generations to implement and use to iron out difficulties and overcome hardships and learn to persevere.
The beginning of the month of Ramadan, as well as the end of the month, is determined by sighting the crescent. If the crescent was not sighted, then the month would be completed by thirty days, as is the case with determining all the months of the lunar calendar. This is taken from the Hadîth of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلّم related by Al-Bukhâriyy and Muslim: « لا تَقَدَّمُوا رَمَضانَ بِيَومٍ أَوْ يَومَين صُوموا لرؤيتِه وأفطِرُوا لرُؤيتِه فإنْ غُمَّ علَيكم فأكْمِلوا عِدَّةَ شَعبانَ ثلاثينَ يوما », which means: « Do not fast one or two days before RamaDân. Start the month when you see the crescent, and end it when you see the crescent. If you are blocked from seeing it, then complete thirty days of Sha`bân. »
After the propagation of disbelief on the Earth, Allâh sent a prophet named NôuH (Noah). He therefore called people to enter Islam, to worship only God and to associate nothing to Him. The prophet Noah was the first messenger sent to unbelievers.
The Prophet Muhammad Peace and blessings be upon him is the last of the Prophets Messengers sent by God to renew the call to Islam. He was born in Mecca, He comes from the most noble Arab tribe, the tribe of Quraysh. The Prophet Muhammad is the son of ^Abdou l-Lah son of ^Abdou l-Mouttalib. He is the best being created.
Mary (Maryam) is the mother of the Prophet Jesus. God created the Prophet Jesus without father. The Prophet was sent to people to call them to the religion of Islam, the religion of all the Prophets. Jesus lived 33 years on earth after which he was raised to heaven. He did not die and was not crucified.
Adam is the first man and Prophet Messenger created by God. He was created from earth mixed with water, so he has no father or mother. He is the father of humanity. Allah has granted him a woman named Hawwa'(Eve). Both of them lived long in Paradise following the Laws of Islam and Allah brought them down to earth where they had many children.
Allah created the heavens, the earths, and the mountains. Allah created the rivers and the seas. Allah created the sun, the moon, the stars, and the planets. Allah created the shrubs, the trees, the humans, and the animals.The first thing Allah created was water. It is above the heavens. Allah is the Creator of everything and He doesn't need any thing.
The month of Ramadan, which is the best of the year, has the best night of the year: Al-Qadr night. It's the best of the year, as the day of `Arafah is the best of the year. It is better than 1000 months, according to verse 3 of Sourat al-Qadr. The night of Al-Qadr - night of the Value - has a great merit and can be any night of Ramadan.
The tongue is one of many endowments Allâh bestowed upon His slaves. The one who uses his tongue in disobedience does not display thankfulness to Allâh and leads to his own destruction. Among the sins of the tongue: Gossip (Ghibah), Slander (Buhtan), and Talebearing (Namimah).
The heart is the leader of the organs ; if the heart is devoted to piety then the rest of the organs will follow its lead, and consequently, the person will become pious ; likewise, if the heart is corrupted, the rest of the organs will follow in corruption, and consequently, the person will become a sinner. So fear Allâh and work for the Day of Judgement, the day which Allâh described in the Qur’ân as being: « The day where assets and offspring serve no benefit, only the one who has come with a sound heart will profit. »