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It is a duty to know the thirteen attributes of Allah God which are: Existence (al-Wujud), Oneness (al-Wahdaniyyah), Eternity (al-Qidam), Everlastingness (al-Baqâ'), Non-neediness of others (al-Qiyamu bin-Nafs), Non-resemblance to the creatures (al-mukhâlafatu lil-Hawâdith), Power (al-Qudrah), Will (al-Iradah), Knowledge (al-`Ilm), Life (al-Hayah), Hearing (as-sam`), Sight (al-BaSar), and Speech (al-Kalam).
Allâh has the perfect names which are 99 in number. The Names of God are also called Attributes of God except the name Allâh we do not say attribute, we say Name. Allah is free from the attributes of creatures.
Among what the Prophet conveyed and is obligatory to believe in are: the Day of Judgment, it begins when the people come out of their graves and lasts until the people of Paradise reside in Paradise and the people of Hell in Hell. And the Resurrection is when the graves open and the people come out of them for the judgment. And Assembly: the people will be gathered at a place to be questioned about their deeds.
Al-Hafidh as-suyûTiyy said: « The news of the torture of the grave is narrated by at-tawatur from the Prophet, Salla l-Lâhu `alayhi wa sallam ». This means that a large number of companions narrated the Hadiths of the Prophet concerning the torture of the grave. `Abdu l-Qâhir Abu ManSûr at-tamimiyy said in his book al-Farqu Baynal-Firaq: « Sunnis are unanimous that the one who denies the torture of the grave will be tortured in his grave », that is, because of their disbelief.
Allâh made the Prophet, mercy and peace upon him, more deserving to manage the Believers’ affairs than themselves as the Prophet, mercy and peace upon him, is like their father and his wives are like their mothers, as mentioned in sûratu l-AHzâb 6.
The month of Ramadan, which is the best of the year, has the best night of the year: Al-Qadr night. It's the best of the year, as the day of `Arafah is the best of the year. It is better than 1000 months, according to verse 3 of Sourat al-Qadr. The night of Al-Qadr - night of the Value - has a great merit and can be any night of Ramadan.
Allâh creates everything according to His Destining. And the Prophet said: « Belief is to believe in Allâh, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Day of Judgment, and to believe in the qadar (destiny), both the good and the evil. »
The most eminent of the graces which will be given to people of the paradise when they will be for the paradise, they will see Allah ta`âlâ. They will see Him and there is no something that people of the paradise will more like than seeing Allâh. They will see Him without how, without place and without direction.
Hurting one’s parents immensely (`uquq) is among the major sins. Allâh threatened the one who does it with severe torture in Hellfire. This means to harm either or both parents immensely (causing them a lot of pain). Hurting one’s parents is unlawful whether it is severe or light.
The Muslim must have the proper purification (Taharah) before performing the prayers. This comprises the removal of filthy substances (najas) and performing wudu’ (ablution) or ghusl (full shower).
Eid prayer can be performed in congregation, or individually any time between sunrise and noon. The best time of the Eid prayer is after the sun has reached the height of a spear (approximately 20 minutes from sunrise).
Allâh, ta`âlâ, said in the Qur'ân:(إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ) which means: « Allâh creates everything according to His Destining.» [Ayah 49 of Suratul-Qamar]. And the Prophet said: « اْلإِيمَانُ أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاللهِ وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاخِرِ وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ »Which means: « Belief is to believe in Allâh, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Day of Judgment, and to believe in the qadar (destiny), both the good and the evil. » [Related by Muslim.]
Abu Hurayra narrated that the Prophet said, « On the Day of Judgment Allâh will give the shade of the `Arsh (Throne), to seven, when there will be no shade but the shade of the `Arsh. These seven persons are; a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allâh, a man whose heart is attached to the mosques, two persons who love each other only for Allâh's sake and they meet and depart in Allâh's cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for unlawful intercourse with her and says: I am fearful of Allâh, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, and a person who praises (remembers) Allâh in seclusion( privacy) and his eyes are then flooded with tears. »
Also note that it is obligatory upon individuals who fulfil certain conditions to pay Zakah of Fitr. Zakah of fitr is an obligation on every Muslim who is alive at the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwâl. In other terms if someone is alive when the sun sets on the last day of RamaDân, that is until after the sun sets, then the zakah of fitr is due on this person.
The Prophet is reported to have said which means: « Whoever fasts the month of RamaDân, and then follows it up by (fasting) six days of Shawwal, it is as though he has fasted the whole year. » (narrated by Imam Muslim)
The beginning of the month of Ramadan, as well as the end of the month, is determined by sighting the crescent. If the crescent was not sighted, then the month would be completed by thirty days, as is the case with determining all the months of the lunar calendar. This is taken from the Hadîth of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلّم related by Al-Bukhâriyy and Muslim: « لا تَقَدَّمُوا رَمَضانَ بِيَومٍ أَوْ يَومَين صُوموا لرؤيتِه وأفطِرُوا لرُؤيتِه فإنْ غُمَّ علَيكم فأكْمِلوا عِدَّةَ شَعبانَ ثلاثينَ يوما », which means: « Do not fast one or two days before RamaDân. Start the month when you see the crescent, and end it when you see the crescent. If you are blocked from seeing it, then complete thirty days of Sha`bân. »
Questions answers to clear up how Fasting RamaDân. Who is obligated to fast the month of RamaDân ? Is it obligatory to make the intention for fasting before doing it ? Is it obligatory to specify the fasting while making the intention ? When must this happen ? Count some of the excuses which permit one to not to fast in RamaDân
RamaDân, the month of the Qur'ân, the month of repentance, the month when we renounce worldly pleasures and hold ourselves in check, the month when the soul is at peace, the month of Qur'ân recitation, of nightly worship and many good deeds. So rush to fill your days and yourselves with obedience to Allâh for whoever does not fill his spare time with what he seeks to benefit himself, his free time will occupy him with what he does not seek.
The great Imam AHmad Ar-Rifâ`iyy, may Allâh raise his rank, advised one of his students and said: O my son, if you possess real intellect you would never turn towards this Life even if it turns towards you, because it is deceitful, a liar and misleads its followers. The one who turns away from it is saved from it and the one who turns towards it is inflicted with what it has. It is like a serpent, soft when touched but deadly is its poison. Its pleasure vanishes fast and its days pass like a shadow. Keep yourself busy by fearing Allâh and do not ignore remembering Allâh, the Exalted.
The 15th night of Sha`bân 1441-2020. The Prophet said: « إذا كانت ليلةُ النصفِ من شعبانَ فقوموا ليلَها وصُوموا نهارها » which means: « Spend the night preceding the 15th day of Sha`bân in acts of obedience, and fast the next day. » The night of the middle-Shaban is a blessed night.