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There are five prayers which must be performed by the Muslims and are called obligatory prayers. They are Dhuhr (Noon) prayer, `Asr (afternoon) prayer, Maghrib (sunset) prayer, `Ishaa’ (Nightfall) prayer and Fajr (Dawn) prayer. It is a great sin to neglect performing any of these obligatory prayers. Among the merits of performing the obligatory prayers is that one’s small sins, which may be committed between prayers, are forgiven.
Maryam (Mary) mother of Jesus grew up near the Prophet Zechariah (Zakariyya) who gave him his religious education. Maryam, daughter of Imran (not Moses' father) and Hannah (Anna, Ann) did not commit sins, she worshiped day and night. She thus reached the degree of holiness and she was the best woman of humanity.
After the belief in Allâh and His Messenger, the prayer is the best deed. Allâh made five prayers obligatory upon every pubescent, sane Muslim within the night and day. One has to be keen to perform them. Also, one must learn how the time of each prayer begins and how it ends. It is a duty to check the times of prayers by observation and it is not enough to rely on a schedule based on the simple calculation.
RamaDân, the month of the Qur'ân, the month of repentance, the month when we renounce worldly pleasures and hold ourselves in check, the month when the soul is at peace, the month of Qur'ân recitation, of nightly worship and many good deeds. So rush to fill your days and yourselves with obedience to Allâh for whoever does not fill his spare time with what he seeks to benefit himself, his free time will occupy him with what he does not seek.
Isrâ` and Mi`râj: this event is celebrated on the 27th of Rajab as per the Islamic calendar. It commemorates the miraculous night journey of Prophet MuHammad Sallallâhu `alayhi wa sallam from the city of Makkah to Jerusalem and then through the seven skies to paradise and beyond.
The month of Ramadan, which is the best of the year, has the best night of the year: Al-Qadr night. It's the best of the year, as the day of `Arafah is the best of the year. It is better than 1000 months, according to verse 3 of Sourat al-Qadr. The night of Al-Qadr - night of the Value - has a great merit and can be any night of Ramadan.