Eid Al Adha (AD-Ha) Eid al-kebir 2020 1441H

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

Praise be to God the Creator of the world, the One Who exists without beginning, without end, without location, without a "how" and Who does not depend on time. Nothing resembles Him in anyway and He hears and sees everything without organs. Whatever you imagine, God is different from that. May the elevation in degree and preservation of his community of what he fears for it, be granted to our master MuHammad Al-'Amin, the Honest One, who called for following Islam, the religion of truth, the religion of all the Prophets: of the first, Adam, to the last MuHammad.

The beginning of the month of dhu l-Hijjah 1441

Aid al 'ADHÂ 10 dhu l-Hijjah 1441

`Arafah 9 dhu l-Hijjah 1441

The lunar calendar has 12 months. `Eid Al ad-haa is celebrated on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah which is the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar. This blessed day follows the best day of the year, which is the 9th of Dhul Hijjah – the day on which the pilgrims performing hajj gather in the grounds of `Arafah close to Makkah.

Note that the beginning of a new month is not determined by calculations, but rather by actually sighting the new crescent in compliance with the Hadîth of the Prophet Sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam. The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam informed us that the lunar month is either 29 days or 30 days. One looks for the new crescent after the sun has set on the 29th day, if one sees it, then the next day is the first of the next month. However, if due to cloud one does not see it, then one completes 30 days and the next day is “automatically” deemed to be the first.

There are many recommended matters (sunnahs) that one is encouraged to observe on this day. Amongst them is to have a bath. The time of this ghusl starts at the middle of the night and it ends by the sunset and it is better to take this ghusl after Fajr, after the appearance of the dawn.

Note it is haram to fast on the day of Eid.

The AD-Ha `Id is one of the great days of the year on which the pilgrim fulfils the obligations of Hajj. It is also recommended for the pilgrim to offer a sacrifice on that day, with the intention to gain rewards from Allâh, the Exalted. This act is a regularly practiced sunnah by the Prophet. Hence, the pilgrim and the non-pilgrim can practice this sunnah.

This is evidenced in the ayah:

﴿ فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ ﴾

(faSalli li Rabbika wa nHar)

the meaning of which is: « Perform the `Id Prayer and offer a sacrifice seeking reward from Allâh. » Also, Imam Muslim narrated from the route of Anas (may Allâh reward him greatly) that when the Prophet (Salla lLâhu `alayhi wa sallam) slaughtered two rams with horns, he slaughtered them by hand and said:  « Bismi lLâh, Allâhu Akbar. »

Also, Lady `A’ishah related that the Prophet said: « Purify yourself by offering a sacrifice, and know that every Muslim who offers a slaughtering seeking Allâh’s rewards will earn rewards for the blood it sheds, the digested food in its stomach and its wool; rewards that will be presented in favour of that Muslim on the Day of Judgement. »

Brothers in faith… how much are we in need of rewards to be placed in our scales and presented to us on the Day of Judgment ? However, to earn these rewards one has to make a valid slaughter that requires the observation of certain conditions. Among them is to slaughter after the setting in of the time of the `Id Prayer (on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah) and before the sunset of the third day of Tashriq (being the 13th of Dhul Hijjah). And be aware my Muslim brothers, that it is not permissible to sell any part of the Udhiyyah. Moreover, it is not permissible to give the skin or the like to the slaughterer as a fee for slaughtering.

It was related by Al-Bukhâriyy and Muslim that Imam `Aliyy said: « The Prophet, peace be upon him, assigned me to oversee the slaughtering of his camels as UD-Hiyah and ordered me to distribute its meat, skin and saddles to the poor, and to not give the slaughterer any piece of it as a fee for slaughtering. » UD-Hiyah is only valid when the slaughtered animal is a camel, cattle, sheep or goat. Moreover, the slaughtered animal as UD-Hiyah must not have a blind eye or apparent sickness or apparent limp. So be cautious my dear Muslim brother.

The story of Eid al-Adha (AD-Ha)

Dear brothers in Islam, know that offering a sacrifice (UD-Hiyah), is the practice of Prophet Ibrâhîm `alayhi s-salam. When asked about the UD-Hiyah, Prophet MuHammad Salla lLâhu `alayhi wa sallam said: « It is the practice of your Father, Ibrâhîm. »

It is mentioned in the Holy Qur’ân that Allâh revealed to Prophet Ibrâhîm through a dream to slaughter his son Isma`îl. Prophet Ibrâhîm knew that this was an order from Allâh as the dreams of the Prophets are revelations from Allâh. So, full of determination he set forth to fulfil the order of His Lord. Prophet Ibrâhîm tried to slaughter his son but the knife did not cut the throat of Isma`îl because Allâh did not will for that incident of slaughtering to occur.

Allâh is the Creator of all existent things and the One Who controls all the creations; there is no Creator except Allâh. Verily, neither the knife creates the cutting nor does the human being by his movement. Ayah 2 of Surat Al-Furqân means: « Allâh created everything. »

Allâh knows by His Eternal Knowledge which does not increase, decrease or renew, the sincerity and total obedience of both the father and the son.At this point, an angel told Prophet Ibrâhîm: « Oh Ibrâhîm, you have fulfilled the order of Allâh!  Take this sacrifice instead of your son. » Ibrâhîm looked up and saw Angel Jibrîl descending with a great ram to be slaughtered instead of his son Isma`îl.

Meanings behind Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha or Feast of Sacrifice is the most important feast of the Muslim calendar.

Eid Adha is on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah, which is the last month in the Muslim calendar.

The 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day when Hujjaj (pilgrims) stand on the mountain of `Arafat.

It is Recommended (Sunnah) to fast the 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah.

Eid al-Adha concludes the Hajj journey (Pilgrimage) to Meccah al-Mukarramah.

Eid al-Adha is followed by 3 days called the Days of Tashreeq.

Eid al-Adha commemorates Prophet Ibrahim's willingness to obey Allah by sacrificing his son.

Muslims believe the son to be Ismail and not Isaac (Ishaq) as told in the Old Testament.

Prophet Ismail is considered the forefather of the Arabs.

According to the story in al-Qur’an, Prophet Ibrahim was about to sacrifice his son by slaughtering him.

Although the knife was sharpened, but when Prophet Ibrahim came to slaughter Ismail, the knife would not cut anything.

He tried to stab with the knife, but it would not cut at all.

The reason is that everything that happens in this world is by the will of Allah.

Allah did not will for that knife to cut or harm prophet Ismail.

Allah protected Prophet Ismail and granted prophet Ibrahim a ram as a sacrifice instead.

Today millions of Muslims sacrifice sheep and give them it away for the needy and poor people for the sake of Allah.

The Muslim family eats about a third of the meat and donates the rest to the poor.

What a great meaning it is to help the needy and make them all equally happy and joyful on this day.

The time of the UDHiah or sacrifice begins at the sunrise of the Eid day and ends at the sunset of the third day of the days of tashriq.

In the end, we ask Allâh to keep us steadfast on the truth, and among the defenders of the religion. All praise is due to Allâh and Allâh knows best.

الحمد لله رب العالمين

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