Preservation, Attributes and Characteristics of Prophets and Messengers
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
Praise be to God the Creator of the world, the One Who exists without beginning, without end, without location, without a "how" and Who does not depend on time. Nothing resembles Him in anyway and He hears and sees everything without organs. Whatever you imagine, God is different from that. May the elevation in degree and preservation of his community of what he fears for it, be granted to our master Muhammad Al-‘Amin, the Honest One, who called for following Islam, the religion of truth, the religion of all the Prophets: of the First, Adam, to the last Muḥammad.
All the Prophets are muslims but they are not all arabs. All Prophets called people to Islam. The differences among them are in the Laws that they brought, like the number of Prayers, the Zakât… but their religion is the same. Islam is the only religion revealed by God and the only divine religion. See: Islam is the religion of all the Prophets. Unique True Religion
Allâh sent His prophets to convey to people what benefit them in their Religion and life. The prophets are the ideal example to people. For this reason, Allâh beautified them with praised attributes and good morals. Some of them are: truthfulness, trustworthiness, intelligence, courageousness and pureness. Allâh ta^ala said after mentioning some of them:
﴿ وَكُلًّا فَضَّلْنَا عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ ﴾
The ayah means: « Each one of them is selected over the humans and jinn. » [Surat Al-’An`am, ’âyah 86]. The prophets are the best of the creations, salawatu-l-lahi wa salamuhu `alayhim ajma`in.
This means that each of the Prophets is better than all the angels and better than all other creatures as the world englobes the humans, the jinns and the angels.
The Prophets are the best of creatures. They have the best manners, including truthfulness, honesty and extreme intelligence. It is impossible for prophets to lie, betray and stupidity. They are protected from blasphemy, major sins, and minor degrading sins. They all have a beautiful face and a beautiful voice. They are preserved from repulsive diseases that would lead to people getting away from them.
The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:
« مَا بَعَثَ الله نَبِيًّا إِلاَّ حَسَنَ الْوَجْهِ حَسَنَ الصَّوْتِ وَإِنَّ نَبِيَّكُم أَحسَنُهُمْ وَجْهًا وَأَحْسَنُهُمْ صَوْتًا »
(mâ ba`atha l-Lâhou nabiyyan ‘illâ Hasan l-wajhi Hasna S-Sawti wa ‘inna nabiyyakoum ‘aHsanouhoum wajhan wa ‘aHsanouhoum Sawtâ)
wich means: « Allâh has sent the Prophets, all with a beautiful face and a beautiful voice and surely your Prophet has the most beautiful face and the most beautiful voice of them. » [Narrated by at-Tirmidhiyy]
All Prophets have a beautiful appearance and they are preserved from anything that might lead to people not accepting their message. Therefore, they are never inflicted with such an illness that would lead people away from them, such as leprosy. Allâh has absolute Wisdom and does not send prophets that would lead people away.
So it is false what some people claim that the Prophet ‘Ayyub had worms coming out of his body and putting them back on his body telling them to eat what God have given you, this is not worthy of prophets and this contradict the religion and it’s blasphemy. See: Protect his Faith: Avoid Apostasy, Blasphemy, Disbelief
Similarly, all the Prophets have a beautiful voice and speak in a very understandable way. It is not permissible to believe that Prophet Mûçâ (Moses) stuttered or spoke in a way that people did not understand as this contradicts the status of a prophet who was sent to deliver the message of the religion. Attributing this to a prophet is blasphemy.
As-soubkiyy said in his tafsîr: "The community is unanimous on the preservation of the Prophets about the transmission (of the revelation), and on other things like major sins and minor degrading sins that would belittle them, also on persevering on minor sins ; those 4 things are by the unanimity of the scholars" page 256 volume 2 of the book al-khaSâ’iSou l-koubrâ by AS-SouyôuTiyy, may Allâh accept his deeds.
Allâh, the Exalted, chose the choicest among the men to be prophets and messengers. The Wisdom of Allâh entails that all the prophets and messengers must be attributed with befitting attributes that enforce their credibility so that they would be successful to convey the message from Him.
Hence, from mankind, Allâh, the All-Knowledgeable and All-Wise, selected for the status of prophet-hood men of exemplary conduct and best of linage among their people and of most appealing appearance and manners ; and protected them from characteristics that repel people from accepting their call. These include physical defects and repulsive illnesses like leprosy and vitiligo and worms exiting the body.
As for what is wrongly mentioned about Prophet Ayyub that he was inflicted with an illness that caused worms excrete from his body and that the worms ate his flesh – that is false. People are repulsed from people with such inflections. Allâh the Exalted does not inflict any of His prophets with matters that disgust people, given that He has sent them with a revelation to call the people to the true religion.
Also, my brothers in faith, Allâh has protected His prophets from vileness and foolishness ; hence none of the prophets is vile who, for example, sneaks lustful looks at females. And none of the prophets is foolish who, for example, says ugly words and uses obscene language. As for what some people wrongly say about Prophet Dawud (may Allâh raise his rank), that he once peaked at the wife of his army commander while she was bathing nakedly and admired her so much that he sent her husband to fight in a battle and be killed in order to take his wife, is utterly false. How can this be attributed to a prophet whom Allâh has sent to teach the people good manners, given that even vile people would not accept to be attributed with such unethical behaviour?
Allâh has also protected the prophets from committing major sins such as drinking alcohol and fornication/adultery. Hence, it is absolutely false what some claimed that once Prophet Lut drank alcohol and fornicated with his two daughters and that Prophet Yusuf intended to fornicate with the wife of al-^Aziz.
Dear brothers in Islam, be wary of any saying that falsely ascribes any of the prophets with foolishness or vileness. All prophets must be attributed with truthfulness, trustworthiness and chastity. Consequently, lying, dishonesty, vileness, stupidity, and dullness are impossible to be among their attributes. Furthermore, prophets must be attributed with sharp intelligence ; whereas, stupidity and dullness is impossible for them. All prophets are courageous and are clear from cowardice. All prophets are Muslims ; they are impeccable and infallible from committing any blasphemy before and post prophet-hood. Prophets do not fall into major sins, nor do they fall into small abject sins, such as stealing a berry of grape. It is possible however for prophets to commit non-abject small sins, or small sins that do not display low character, however, they are guided to immediately repent before anyone imitates them with such a sin.
Dear brothers, glorify the prophets of Allâh and know and appreciate their privilege and high status ; and be wary of ascribing to them that which does not befit them, as this leads to destruction and torture.
One has to believe in the messengers of Allâh. That is, to believe in the prophets of Allâh - whoever was a messenger and whoever was not a messenger [among them]. The first one of them is Adam, ^alayhi as-salam, and the last one of them is Muhammad, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam. Allâh ta^ala said:
﴿لاَ نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِ﴾
The ayah means: « We [Muslims] do not disbelieve in any of Allâh’s messengers. » [Surat Al-Baqarah, ’âyah 285]
What is the difference between the prophet who is not a messenger and the prophet who is a messenger?
The prophet who is not a messenger is a human being to whom Allâh revealed a set of Islamic Laws which is not new. Instead, Allâh revealed to him to follow the set of Islamic Laws of the prophet who was before him. The messenger is to whom a new set of Islamic Laws was revealed. In addition, both of them [the prophet and messenger] are ordered to convey [the revelation].