Islamic Jurisprudence. Learn Sunni Islam, Beginner. Muslim religion. Islamic Site Muslim
One becomes a Muslim by believing in the Two Testifications of Faith and uttering them with the intention of leaving out blasphemy. The Two Testifications of Faith are: I testify that no one is God except God and I testify that Muḥammad is the prophet of God. If someone does not know how to say Muḥammad he can call the prophet by Abu l-Gaacim: no one is God except God and Abu l-Gaacim is the prophet of God.
Allâh created the universe, He exists before the space and the time. God exists without place and does not depend on time. We do not say "where" or "when" or "how" about Allâh.
Becomes a blasphemer who attributes to God the son, and even the one who attributes to God the space or time or change or organs or mood or direction or whatever is attributes of creatures. Becomes a disbeliever whoever claims to be a non-Muslim or support the disbelief or approves the disbelief or denies the law of God or belittles it or one of the prophets or angels, or attributes to him disbelief.
Blasphemy is the opposite of belief, just as darkness is the opposite of light. It is of three types: likening God to the creation (tashbih), contradicting (takdhib), and denying (ta^til). Blasphemers are of two types: one is the original blasphemer, the other one is the apostate (murtadd).
Thus becomes a blasphemer who attributes to God the son, even if he said it by joking or under the effect of anger or by not aiming at the true meaning of the word son and even the one who attributes to God the space or time or change or organs or mood or direction or whatever is attributes of creatures. In the same way, becomes a disbeliever whoever claims to be a non-Muslim or support the disbelief or approves the disbelief or denies the law of God or belittles it or one of the prophets or angels, or attributes to him disbelief. To return to Islam the person must abandon the disbelief and pronounce the two testimonies: there is no god except God and Muḥammad is the messenger of God.
In Islam if someone wants to report word contrary to Islam, he must use the reported speech by saying for example the author said or someone said so-and-so. Similarly in writing, he must write the author said before reporting what is contrary to Islam. Similarly, the reported speech is used before playing an audio or a video in which it is mentioned things contrary to Islam and before displaying writings contrary to Islam on a screen or before printing them, by saying for example I show what the author said...
Allâh said in the Qur’ân, which means: « Allâh is the One Who has sent down to the Prophet the Book that contains muḥkamat ayat, which are the foundation of the Book, and other ayat which are mutashabihat. Those who have perversity in their hearts, they follow the mutashabihat ayat seeking discord and searching for unbefitting meanings based on their delusions. No one knows their true meanings except Allâh and those who are firmly rooted in the knowledge of the Religion. The latter say, “We believe in it, all of it is from our Lord and none will understand the message except men of comprehension”. » [sûrât ‘Âli `Imrân, 'âyah 7]
There are five prayers which must be performed by the Muslims and are called obligatory prayers. It is a great sin to neglect performing any of these obligatory prayers.
The conditions of prayer are the matters that are not part of the prayer, but must be satisfied before starting the prayer.
The Muslim must have the proper purification (Taharah) before performing the prayers. This comprises the removal of filthy substances (najas) and performing wudu’ (ablution) or ghusl (full shower).
After the belief in Allâh and His Messenger, the prayer is the best deed. Allâh made five prayers obligatory upon every pubescent, sane Muslim within the night and day. One has to be keen to perform them. Also, one must learn how the time of each prayer begins and how it ends. It is a duty to check the times of prayers by observation and it is not enough to rely on a schedule based on the simple calculation.
There are five prayers which must be performed by the Muslims and are called obligatory prayers. They are Dhuhr (Noon) prayer, `Asr (afternoon) prayer, Maghrib (sunset) prayer, `Ishaa’ (Nightfall) prayer and Fajr (Dawn) prayer. It is a great sin to neglect performing any of these obligatory prayers. Among the merits of performing the obligatory prayers is that one’s small sins, which may be committed between prayers, are forgiven.
The tongue is one of many endowments Allâh bestowed upon His slaves. Although the tongue is a tiny organ, the person who uses it to comply with the orders of Allâh, the teachings of the Qur’ân, and the teachings of the Prophet may earn blessings in this world and the in Hereafter. However, the one who uses his tongue in disobedience to Allâh would not be displaying thankfulness to Allâh and would be heading towards his own destruction. Certainly, being thankful to Allâh means not to use the endowments bestowed by Allâh in what is forbidden. One needs to know the sins of the tongue could be small or enormous.
The tongue is one of many endowments Allâh bestowed upon His slaves. The one who uses his tongue in disobedience does not display thankfulness to Allâh and leads to his own destruction. Among the sins of the tongue: Gossip (Ghibah), Slander (Buhtan), and Talebearing (Namimah).
What is repentance (Tawbah)? Repentance is regretting, refraining and intending not to commit the sin after that. If the sin was leaving out an obligation one makes it up and if it involved neglecting a right to a human, one satisfies it or seeks the person’s pardon.
Imam Al-Bayhaqiyy related the Prophet Muḥammad (Sallallahu `alayhi Wa Sallam) said: which means: « Until when will you hold back from exposing the one who commits enormous sins? Mention about him that which is in him so the people will be cautioned against him. » And Prophet Muḥammad said: which means: « If you see my nation fearful of telling he who is unjust, "You are unjust" then know the support of Allah is withdrawn from them » [Related by Al Hâkim in Al Mustadrak]
Allâh ta`âlâ said in the Qur'ân: which means: « You are the best of the nations to come forth to the people, ordering the lawful and forbidding the unlawful. » [Surat Al `Imran, Ayah 110]. Prophet Muḥammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: which means: « The one of you who sees an evil that is practiced, he must change it by his hand, if he is incapable, with his tongue and if he is incapable, he must hate that by his heart, and this being the minimum that faith requires. » [Related by Muslim]
The high status of knowledge has been clearly established in Islam through explicit texts in the Qur'an and the Hadith as well as in the writings of the scholars of Islam. Allâh said in Surat Al-Mujadalah, Ayah 11 which means: « Allâh raises the ranks of those among you who believe and those who were granted the knowledge. » Also, Allâh said in Surat Az-Zumar, Ayah 9 which means: « Those who know are not the same as those who do not know. » In the hadith related by Al-Bayhaqiyy, the Messenger of Allâh Muḥammad Sallâ lLâhou `alayhi wa sallam said which means: « Seeking the knowledge of the Religion is obligatory on every Muslim. »
The wahhabi sect that emerged some 250 years ago, do not follow the Salaf scholars as they claim. And the Salaf are the scholars within the first three hundred years after Prophet Muḥammad. Because wahhabis among the extreme blasphemous beliefs, is their claim that Allâh is a large body sitting on the throne, and that He moves from one side to the other. And they also attribute to Allâh the limbs and bodily parts, and that's all declared as blasphemous kufur according to the rules of all scholars of Islam from Salaf and Khalaf.
Hajj is among the most important matters of Islam. Performing Hajj and `Umrah once in a lifetime is obligatory upon the Muslim who is free, accountable, and able. Performing them repeatedly after that time is considered sunnah. Hajj has a special merit that other acts of obedience do not have, in that it clears one of all sins, enormous and small.