The Description of Prophet Muḥammad
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
Praise be to God the Creator of the world, the One Who exists without beginning, without end, without location , without a "how" and Who does not depend on time. Nothing resembles Him in anyway and He hears and sees everything without organs. Whatever you imagine, God is different from that. May the elevation in degree and preservation of his community of what he fears for it, be granted to our master Muḥammad Al-'Amin, the Honest One, who called for following Islam, the religion of truth, the religion of all the Prophets : of the First, Adam, to the last Muḥammad.
Physical Description of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
The Prophet was not extremely tall, nor was he short. He had a white complexion and black hair. The Prophet's hair was not straight rather it was slightly curly and long down to his shoulders. His smell was nicer than the pure musk itself. He had a clear forehead, long eyelashes, broad shoulders and a firm stomach. The Prophet was fast in his walk, and it was narrated that seeing his face one would think that the sun is rising from it.
Allâh ta`âlâ says in the honorable Qour'ân about the Prophet Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam:
﴿ وإنَّكَ لَعَلَى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ ﴾
Which means: « You certainly have the best of manners » [sôurat Al-Qalam 'âyah 4].
Al-Boukhâriyy narrates from the Hadîth of `Â'ichah, about the description of the Messenger of Allâh Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam:
« كانَ خُلُقُهُ القرءانَ »
Which means: the one who wants to know the manners of the Prophet, let him recite the Qur’ân and let him understand it. All good manners that Allâh orders in the Qour’ân are among the manners of the Prophet Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam.
According to `Â'ichah raDia l-Lâhou `anhâ, when she was questioned about the behaviors of the Messenger Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam, she said: « He was not vulgar and was neither of those who seek vulgarity, nor of those who shout in the markets. He was not one of those who respond to bad behavior through bad behavior. On the contrary, he forgive and excuse ».
The Messenger of Allâh Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam said:
« مَا بعث اللهُ نبيًّا إلاّ حَسَنَ الوجهِ حسنَ الصوت و إنَّ نبيَّكُم أحسنُهُم وجها و أحسنُهم صَوتا »
Which means: « God sent the Prophets, all with a beautiful face and a beautiful voice and certainly your Prophet has the most beautiful face and the most beautiful voice ». [narrated by at-tirmîdhiyy].
Our Prophet Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam was the one who had the most beautiful characters and the most beautiful aspects.
Al-Barâ' Ibnou Azib said in the description of the Messager of Allâh Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam: « The Messenger of Allâh Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam had the most beautiful face and the best of manners ».
About the description of the Prophet alayhi S-Salâtou wa s-salâm, it was narrated in the books of Hadîth: « He was of average height, he was not short, he was rather tall, he had broad shoulders, he was of a white color tinged with redness. His face was bright ».
Al-Bayhaqiyy and AT-Tabarâniyy narrated from Abôu Oubaydah son of MouHammad son of Ammâr son of Yâçir that he said: « I said to Ar-Roubay` daughter of Mou`awwidh: Describe to me the Messenger of Allâh Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam, she replied : If you saw him, you would say the sun rising ».
At-Tirmidhiyy as well as AHmad narrated from Abôu Hourayrah raDia l-Lâhou anhou, that he said: « I’ve never seen anything more beautiful that the Prophet Salla l-Lâhou alayhi wa sallam, it’s as if the sun was moving around his face ».
The Prophet Salla l-Lâhu `alayhi wa sallam had fine eyebrows, not thick at all ; he had big eyes and eyelashes provided. His palms and soles were not thin, his forearms were long, and his belly, flat, did not extend beyond the level of his chest. His voice was loud, there was no weakness. In the whites of his eyes, there were fine red lines
Abôu Hourayrah, from whom we get the above description added: « I have never seen anyone like him, neither before him nor after him ».
His nose was thin and high, his forehead was broad and flat. The hair of Prophet Salla l-Lâhu alayhi wa sallam was very black, he had barely twenty white hair and all the rest of his hair had kept its original black color. His hair was coming to his shoulder and when he cut it off, it would reach to around ears.
The Prophet Salla l-Lâhu alayhi wa sallam had the particularity of having a very good smell, whether scented or not. His sweat smelled better than musk. According to Anas, when the Prophet passed through the streets of Madinah, there was the smell of musk, so it was said that the prophet passed by.
The Description of Prophet Muhammad by Umm Ma`bad
In his Book, "`Uyunul-Athar," Ibn Sayyidin-Nas mentioned: While immigrating to Madinah, Prophet
Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم was accompanied by Abu Bakr, `Amir Ibn Fuhayrah, the slave of
Abu Bakr, and the son of Urayqit, who guided them on their way.
They passed by Umm Ma`bad from the tribe of Khuza`ah, who did not know them. The Prophet said to her: ‘O Umm Ma`bad, do you have milk?’ She said: ‘No, by Allâh.’ He then saw a female sheep at the end of the house and asked her about it. She said that it was an old sheep and did not produce milk anymore. With the permission of Umm Ma`bad, the Prophet passed his hand over the back and udder of the sheep. Then he asked for a container. He milked the sheep and filled the container. Then he gave the milk to his Companions to drink. He milked the sheep again to fill the container for Umm Ma`bad and he left.
Later, upon his return, Umm Ma^bad's husband asked her: O Umm Ma`bad, What is this milk when there is no milking sheep in the house and the rest of the sheep were away? She said: ‘No, by Allâh. However, there passed by us:
1. A man with obvious beauty and cleanliness,
2. a glowing countenance,
3. and a good appearance/disposition;
4. with no bulging stomach disgracing him,
5. or a small head disparaging him;
6. is overtly handsome
7. and wholly beautiful;
8. his eyes are wide and very white and black
9. and eyelashes are long;
10. whose voice is devoid of hoarseness,
11. neck is long,
12. and beard is full ;
13. the white part of whose eyes is extremely white, and the black part of whose eyes is extremely black,
14. as if his eyelids have kohl naturally;
15. whose eyebrows arch longitudinally and thinly
16. (as if they) meet;
17. who has an extremely black hair;
18. who is stately when silent
19. and is gorgeous when speaking;
20. who is the most beautiful and striking man from far and the best and most beautiful from close;
21. whose speech is sweet, clear, and decisive,
22. neither vaguely short, nor boringly and pointlessly long;
23. whose words flow forth like a perfect string of pearls;
24. of medium height
25. that neither elicits contempt to avert him for shortness, nor aversion to him for excessive tallness;
26. who is a branch between two branches ; he is the most radiant of the three and the most well-respected;
27. whose companions surround him; when he speaks they listen attentively to his speech, and when he commands they vie with each other to fulfill his commands.
28. who is well served and attended,
29. who is neither a scowler
30. nor a prattler.