Omar Ibn al-KhaTTab Biography 2nd Caliph
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
Praise be to God the Creator of the world, the One Who exists without beginning, without end, without location , without a “how” and Who does not depend on time. Nothing resembles Him in anyway and He hears and sees everything without organs. Whatever you imagine, God is different from that. May the elevation in degree and preservation of his community of what he fears for it, be granted to our master Muḥammad Al-‘Amin, the Honest One, who called for following Islam, the religion of truth, the religion of all the Prophets: of the First, Adam, to the last Muḥammad.
Omar Ibn Al-Khattab held a high status amongst the tribe of Quraysh before being Muslim. Prophet Muḥammad recognised this and asked Allâh to strengthen Islam by guiding Omar Ibn Al-Khattab or Abi Jahl “Amr Ibn Hisham” to embrace Islam.
The supplication of Prophet Muḥammad was answered and Omar Ibn Al-Khattab became Muslim. After the death of Prophet Muḥammad and after the death of the first Caliph Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, the Muslims appointed Omar Ibn Al-Khattab as the second Caliph.
The Caliph Omar served the Muslims greatly with his praised innovations and his benefiting projects such as the following:
Initiating the Hijjri Calendar.
Gathering people to perform the Tarawih prayer jama`ah.
Building an extension to the Masjid Al-Haram.
Furthermore, many other great historical events which Muslims of today are proud to claim as part of their heritage took place during his caliphate.
Omar Ibn Al-Khattab was man of noble attributes; he was a man of truth and dignity.
Prophet Muḥammad praised him in many of his aHadith. In one of them the Prophet said to Omar what means: « Whenever Satan approaches near to your path he turns onto another direction. »
This illustrates the strength of Omar’s faith in Allâh. In another Hadîth the prophet said what means: « Your tongue and your heart always serve in justice. »
Master `Umar was known for his many words of wisdom and morals. Among them was his saying: « Judge your deeds before they are judged and weigh your deeds before they are weighed. It is easier upon you to judge yourself today for The Day of Judgment and to weigh your deeds today in preparation for that day. » In these words is an urge for us to monitor our deeds closely and to deny our self the indulging of desire in order to protect our self from the harm of this life and in the hereafter.
The great companion and Caliph Omar ruled for ten years serving the Muslims, at the same time he spent his nights praying and his days fasting may Allāh bless him and help us to follow his path Ameen.