Hadith: Seven persons are shaded by the shade of the `Arsh Throne
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
Praise be to God the Creator of the world, the One Who exists without beginning, without end, without location, without a "how" and Who does not depend on time. Nothing resembles Him in anyway and He hears and sees everything without organs. Whatever you imagine, God is different from that. May the elevation in degree and preservation of his community of what he fears for it, be granted to our master Muḥammad Al-'Amin, the Honest One, who called for following Islam, the religion of truth, the religion of all the Prophets: of the first, Adam, to the last Muḥammad.
Abu Hurayra narrated that the Prophet said:
« سَبْعَةٌ يُظِلُّهُمُ اللهُ في ظِلِّهِ أَيْ في ظِلِّ عَرْشِهِ يَوْمَ لاَ ظِلَّ إِلاَّ ظِلُّهُ أَيْ يَوْمَ القِيامَةِ إِمامٌ عادِلٌ، وشابٌّ نَشَأَ في عِبادَةِ اللهِ تَعالى، وَرَجُلٌ مُعَلَّقٌ قَلْبُهُ في الْمَساجِدِ، ورَجُلانِ تَحابَّا في اللهِ اجْتَمَعا عَلَيْهِ وتَفَرَّقَا عَلَيْهِ، ورَجُلٌ دَعَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ ذاتُ مَنْصِبٍ وجَمالٍ فَقالَ إِنِّي أَخَافُ اللهَ، ورَجُلٌ تَصَدَّقَ بِصَدَقَةٍ فَأَخْفاها حَتَّى لا تَعْلَمَ شِمالُهُ ما تُنْفِقُ يَمِينُهُ، ورَجُلٌ ذَكَرَ اللهَ خالِيًا فَفاضَتْ عَيْناهُ »
which means: « On the Day of Judgment Allâh will give the shade of the `Arsh (Throne), to seven, when there will be no shade but the shade of the `Arsh. These seven persons are; a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allâh, a man whose heart is attached to the mosques, two persons who love each other only for Allâh's sake and they meet and depart in Allâh's cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for unlawful intercourse with her and says: I am fearful of Allâh, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, and a person who praises (remembers) Allâh in seclusion( privacy) and his eyes are then flooded with tears. »
These seven persons and others are shaded by the shade of the `Arsh when there will be no shade except the shade of the `Arsh. So they are safe from the harm of the heat of the sun.
Among them is the just ruler, like Abu Bakr, `Umar, `Uthman, `Aliyy and `Umar Ibn `Abdil-`Aziz who was from the descendants of `Umar Ibnul-Khattab may Allâh be reward them. `Umar Ibn `Abdil-`Aziz is the one who stopped Bani Umayya from swearing at Imam `Aliyy and wrongly mentioning bad things about him while giving their speeches. When he became a ruler he wrote to his assistants the following: If your power motivated you to wrong people then remember the power of Allâh over you.
The second is a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allâh i.e. worships Allâh sincerely from childhood. He acquired the knowledge about religion, fulfilled the obligations and avoided the sins.
The third is a man whose heart is attached to the mosques i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque in (Jama`a).
The fourth are two persons who love each other only for Allâh's sake and they meet and depart in Allâh's cause only. So loving each other for the sake of Allâh is among the reasons that lead you to be shaded by the shade of the `Arsh on the Day of Judgment. To have the pure love to each other means to order one another to do good deeds, and to forbid one another from committing evil.
The fifth is a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for unlawful intercourse with her, and says: I am fearful of Allâh. It has been related that a righteous Muslim's supplication was always fulfilled. When asked about the mystery of this endowment he replied: It was a year of drought when a very beautiful lady came into my house and asked me for something to eat. I said to her: I will give you the food you need, after you give me yourself (i.e. to allow him to have the unlawful intercourse with her). She said: It would be better to me to die from hunger than disobeying my Lord, and went away crying. Then she came after few days and she was starving to death, and asked me for food. I said to her: I won't give you anything unless you give me yourself. She replied: It would be better to me to die from hunger than disobeying my Lord, and went away crying. I realized that she wasn't bearing the starvation, so I followed her and heard her reciting some verses from the Qur'ân and praising Allâh. This strengthened the faith in my heart and the love to do good deeds, and I repented to Allâh. Then I called for her saying: come and take what you want for the sake of Allâh. She took the food then raised her hands to the sky the direction of supplication and said: O Allâh as you guided and enlightened his heart, make his supplication always fulfilled.
The sixth is a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity because he is not doing that in order to be praised by people but rather he is doing that only in sincerity to Allâh subHânahu wa ta`âlâ.
The last mentioned in this Hadîth is a person who praises Allâh in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears. Such eyes are protected from being burnt in Hellfire on the Day of Judgment.
We ask Allâh to make us among those who follow the guidance of the Prophet and make our end, on the state of piety. Ameen
الحمد لله رب العالمين