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Al-BayHaqiyy reported according to Ibnu `Abbas that he said: the prophet was born the year of the elephant. One must believe he was born in Makkah and sent as a Messenger therein; he immigrated to al-Madinah and was buried therein ; and he was truthful in everything he told about and conveyed from Allâh.
It is invalid to divide the inheritance of a deceased person or to sell the inheritance until the debts and the zakât which was obligatory on him have been fulfilled. Something may be sold to pay off a debt or fulfill the will. The expenses of performing Hajj and `Umrah on behalf of the deceased must be taken out if the Hajj and `Umrah were obligatory on him and he did not perform them. The inheritance is like a collateral held for that purpose.
Knowledge is the gateway to success, as known by many. However, some people understand this statement differently. The Islamic definition and concept of knowledge, and how it is a gateway to success in this world and in the Hereafter, is an ambiguous matter to many people. Allâh said in Surat Az-Zumar, Ayah 9 which means: « Those who know are not the same as those who do not know. »
Linguistically, Islam means submission. According to Islamic terminology, Islam means a specified submission. It is the submission to what the prophet brought. This takes place by uttering the THE TWO TESTIFICATIONS OF FAITH. Belief, on the other hand, linguistically means certitude. According to Islamic terminology, it means a specified certitude. It is to accept as true what the prophet brought. The least of Belief is to belief in the THE TWO TESTIFICATIONS OF FAITH. Islam and Belief cannot be disassociated. One of them is not accepted without the other, although their original meaning are not identical. Imam Abu Hanifah said in Al-Fiqh Al-'Akbar: "Islam is not acceptable without Belief and Belief is not accepted without Islam. They are like the front of something and its back." Islam is the Religion of all the prophets.
Abu Hurayra narrated that the Prophet said, « On the Day of Judgment Allâh will give the shade of the `Arsh (Throne), to seven, when there will be no shade but the shade of the `Arsh. These seven persons are; a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allâh, a man whose heart is attached to the mosques, two persons who love each other only for Allâh's sake and they meet and depart in Allâh's cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for unlawful intercourse with her and says: I am fearful of Allâh, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, and a person who praises (remembers) Allâh in seclusion( privacy) and his eyes are then flooded with tears. »
Who is the Accountable Person in Islam (Mukallaf) who is obligated to embrace Islam and work according to its rules (sharî`ah) ?
In Islam, the accountable person (mukallaf) is the one who is pubescent, sane, and has received the message of Islam, which is: “No one is God except Allâh, and Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allâh.”
There are two types of innovations mentioned in this Hadîth: the innovations of guidance and the innovations of misguidance. What complies with the Qur’ân, the Sunnah, the Ijma` (scholarly consensus), and the sayings and practices of the Companions is an innovation of guidance, and what contradicts the Qur’ân, the Sunnah, the Ijma`, and the sayings and actions of the Companions is an innovation of misguidance.
Also note that it is obligatory upon individuals who fulfil certain conditions to pay Zakah of Fitr. Zakah of fitr is an obligation on every Muslim who is alive at the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwâl. In other terms if someone is alive when the sun sets on the last day of Ramaḍān, that is until after the sun sets, then the zakah of fitr is due on this person.
Many signs accompanied the honorable birth of the Prophet. Al-BayHaqiyy, Ibn `Asakir and others narrated from the route of Hani’ ِl-Makhzumi that he said, « On the night of the birth of the Messenger of Allâh, the palace of Kisra (the King of the Persians) shook and fourteen balconies fell from it. The fire of the Persians which had been burning continuously for one thousand years went out. The lake of Sa wah (in Persia) dried up. »
انت الحبيب وانت نور بصيرتي ... وسراج عمري في القديم وفي غدي You are the beloved and the light of my inner sense, My lifetime’s lantern, for my past and future more intense
The Prophet was not extremely tall, nor was he short. He had a white complexion and black hair. The Prophet's hair was not straight rather it was slightly curly and long down to his shoulders. His smell was nicer than the pure musk itself. He had a clear forehead, long eyelashes, broad shoulders and a firm stomach. The Prophet was fast in his walk, and it was narrated that seeing his face one would think that the sun is rising from it.
Allâh the exalted said in the Holy Qur'ân in Surat-TaHrim: يا أيها الذين ءامنوا قوا أنفسَكم وأهليكُم نارا وقودُها الناسُ والحجارة This ayah means: « O you who believed protect yourselves and your families from Hellfire, which is fuelled by people and stones. » Prophet Muḥammad peace be upon Him said what means: « Every one of you is a guardian over his dependents and is responsible for the action of these persons who are dependent on him. »
Islam is the Religion of all the Prophets of Allâh starting with Adam and ending with Muḥammad. In Arabic Islam means submission. To believe in the heart and declare with the tongue: « No one is God except Allâh and Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allâh » is how one becomes Muslim. Utterance with the Two Professions (Ash-Shahadatan) is required of the person who is not already a Muslim. A Muslim is a believer and a follower of Islam.
There was Angel Jibrîl peace be upon him, who hit the ground with his wing until fresh and pure water emerged. That became known as Zamzam water. The mother of Isma`îl gathered the water with her hands and collected it in her container while it was springing out. Jibrîl said: « Do not fear loss, for there is a sacred House here which will be built by this child and his father, » meaning Isma`îl and his father Ibrâhîm peace be upon them both. Hajar drank from Zamzam water quenching her thirst and breast-fed her son Ismâ`il. She thanked Allâh, the One who endows countless bounties upon His slaves.
Allâh made the Prophet, mercy and peace upon him, more deserving to manage the Believers’ affairs than themselves as the Prophet, mercy and peace upon him, is like their father and his wives are like their mothers, as mentioned in sûratu l-AHzâb 6.
The miracles of the prophet are numerous. Among the miracles of the Prophet, Sallallâhu `alayhi wa sallam, and the best Miracle that can still be seen today, is the miracle of the Holy Qur’ân, The Qur’ân is a miracle which stands as proof of the truthfulness of our Master Muḥammad, Salla lLâhu `alayhi wa sallam, and that he was a Prophet sent by Allâh.
The second Caliph in this nation, Omar Ibn Al-Khattab may Allah’s blessings be upon him. He was man of noble attributes; he was a man of truth and dignity.
The prophet Muḥammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina under the command of Allâh, and it is not by fleeing, fear, or cowardice.
Also note that it is obligatory upon individuals who fulfil certain conditions to pay Zakah of Fitr. Zakah of fitr is an obligation on every Muslim who is alive at the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwâl. In other terms if someone is alive when the sun sets on the last day of RamaDân, that is until after the sun sets, then the zakah of fitr is due on this person.
In the Honorable Qur'ân, numerous are the stories that tell about the previous nations. Those who are guided and follow the messenger of Allâh, Allâh will endow them with power on Earth. Those who disbelieve and turn away from the call of the prophets will be a paradigm for others to learn from. The story of the People of the Cave in the Honorable Qur’ân, in Sûrat Al-Kahf. The story includes lessons, signs, and evidences that all testify to the great Power of Allâh, ta`âlâ, and His Wisdom in managing His creations.